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Woods used for luthiers PDF Print E-mail

The luthier  Stefano Renzi  uses for the construction of its instruments the best wood and longer seasoned in order to obtain maximum results aids.
The wood used in the construction of violins are: Maple, for the Fund, the handle, the hedgehog, the bands and the bridge, Ebony, for the keyboard, the pegs, and tailpiece, and finally the king of woods, which made possible the work of the great masters of violin-makers of all time: The Spruce.

The fir, present in most of Europe, mainly in mountainous areas, wood is versatile, durable and elastic, and for this reason it is widely used in different fields of construction from building to violin making.
The special quality of spruce used since the time of Stradivari for the construction of violins is called "Spruce", or "resonance". This exceptional quality tree grows between 1000 and 2300 meters above sea level and as an adult can reach 30-40 meters in height.
The Spruce is its natural habitat in Trentino, and more precisely in the beautiful valley of Paneveggio (Italy)
The intense cold in fact slows plant growth fir, which develops the annual rings very close and regular, this results in a fiber of the wood very narrow and straight.
The Resonance spruce is used to build the plans for its tremendous harmonic elasticity, which allows a 'good transmission of sound waves, and the fiber structure called honeycomb. The lymphatic channels are like small organ pipes, cables and obviously being act as amplifiers for sound waves, hence the name "resonance".

Wood cutting:
Considerable importance has the way of cutting the trunk, the cut must be made in the radial direction and not tangential, in order to exploit to the maximum the wood fiber.
The tangential cutting that in addition to subtract to the wood part of its natural sheen, it also reduces the resistance and the ability to vibrate in a correct manner. If Okoume is entrusted with the sound, the Acero is entrusted with the beauty of a violin

The Maple commonly used in violin making comes mainly from the Balkans, although other species of the same family are found throughout the northern hemisphere.
The particularity of this wood is the development of the wave fiber, which once worked and polished shows all its beauty, producing streaks of light and dark transverse to the fiber very similar to sea waves, hence the term marezzatura.Questo wood does not it is easy to find, just a plant out of a thousand in fact presents the marbling and for this reason has very high expenses.

And finally, the Ebony. Born in India, Madagascar and Martinique, has a very slow growth, and a color ranging from dark brown to black. Its density is very high, it is one of the few woods that sink in water instead of staying afloat. Very hard and brittle, it is used in violin making to build fingerboard, pegs and tailpiece, the parts that most will be destroyed after use.
Alternatively, you can also use boxwood for tailpiece and pegs ebony wood with similar characteristics but light in color. For snares in particular, some craftsmen have recently started to operate the Pernambuco wood, originating in Brazil, mostly used for the construction of arches, obtaining excellent results.

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